REFERENCE: Erwin, E.J. (1991). Guidelines for integrating young children with visual impairments in general educational settings. Journal of Visual Impairment & Blindness, 85, 253-260.
Description of article:
The author presents guidelines for the successful integration of preschoolers with visual impairments into educational settings with their sighted peers. She cites and discusses the literature regarding the following issues: integration, mainstreaming, legal implications and opposition to mainstreaming, integration in early childhood special education, and the philosophical and programmatic bases for integration. Regarding the latter, she offers seven statements as the basis for developing and implementing successful integrated placements:
The author offers and discusses practical recommendations as a set of guidelines for establishing and implementing effective mainstreaming experiences for children with and without visual impairments. Presented in summary form, these include:
She states the need for further research and notes that future direction must focus on
"strong leadership, intervention, and research that are based on child outcomes and
strong advocacy and public-awareness initiatives." (p. 259)
FOR MORE INFORMATION:
Elizabeth J. Erwin, M.A., Teachers College, Columbia University, Department of Special Education, Box 223, New York, NY 10027.
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