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Traditional Model of Literacy

Vertical blocks resting on each other.  Blocks named from top down D.

The building blocks reflect the traditional view of literacy. The view was based on the belief that children first learned and mastered listening, then speaking, reading and writing. Each block was seen as a separate skill that was learned in isolation from the others.  Current/Emergent Model of Literacy

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This material was developed by the National Center to Improve Practice (NCIP)  in collaboration with the Center for Literacy and Disabilities (CLD)  at Duke University.   NCIP was funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs from October 1, 1992 - September 30, 1998, Grant #H180N20013.  Permission is granted to copy and disseminate this information.  If you do so, please cite NCIP.   Contents do not necessarily reflect the views or policies of the Department of Education, nor does mention of trade names, commercial products, or organizations imply endorsement by CLD, NCIP, EDC, or the U.S. Government.  This site was last updated in September 1998. 

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