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Collection: Organizing Tools

purple arrow (1137 bytes)Beyond Notecards: Synthesizing Information with Electronic Study Tools

REFERENCE: Anderson-Inman, L., & Zeitz, L. (1994). Beyond notecards: Synthesizing information with electronic study tools. The Computing Teacher, 21 (8), 21-25.

Description of article

CONTEXT: This article discusses two types of software-based tools for gathering, recording, and organizing information for a report or paper. They are (1) electronic outliners and (2) electronic concept mappers.

Benefits of electronic outliners and concept mappers:

The authors discuss the advantages of electronic outliners and concept mappers over traditional paper and pen methods. Electronic study tools are:

Differences between Outliners and Concept Maps:

The main difference between Outliners and Concept Maps is that the Outliner is hierarchical and textual, while the concept mapper is more representational and graphical through its use of labels.

The authors illustrate these concepts with concrete examples of students using Inspiration to gather and synthesize information for a research report.


Lynne Anderson-Inman, College of Education, University of Oregon, Eugene, OR 97403

Leigh Zeitz, Malcom Price Laboratory School, University of Northern Iowa, 19th and Campus Sts.
Cedar Falls, Iowa 50613
e-mail: or

Inspiration Software, 7412 SW Beaverton Hillsdale Hwy, Suite 102, Portland, OR 97225-2167
(503) 297-3004

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