(Fwd) APS News & Obit

AnneM (AnneM@edc.org)
Mon, 9 Feb 1998 14:45:22 -0500

Forwarded from WISENET by Anne McAuliffe <AnneM@edc.org>
Subject: (Fwd) APS News & Obit
From: Women In Science and Engineering NETwork <WISENET@LISTSERV.UIC.EDU>
at Internet
Date: 2/9/98 14:16

---------- Forwarded message ----------
Date: 06 Feb 1998 23:51:52 +0000 (GMT)
From: What's New <whatsnew@aps.org>
To: vjs@uhhepb.phys.hawaii.edu
Subject: What's New for Feb 06, 1998

WHAT'S NEW Robert L. Park Friday, 6 Feb 98 Washington, DC

The combination of a budget surplus and a year-long lobbying
effort by scientists resulted in a budget request for a record 8%
increase in civilian research. The scientific community built its
lobbying effort around the Gramm-Lieberman bill calling for a
doubling of science funding. It's still a long, difficult road to
appropriations in October, but it's a great start. There is the
usual confusion over just what some of the numbers mean, but here
are a few of the highlights of the President's request:

* NSF research is up almost 12%. For Mathematics and Physical
Sciences the increase is 10.7%. Priorities are in the areas of
Knowledge and Distributed Intelligence, Life and Earth's
Environment, and Educating for the Future.

* DOE Office of Energy Research is up 10% to $2.71B. The biggest
increase is in Basic Energy Sciences, which goes up 25% to $836M.
That includes $157M to get started on a $1.3B Spallation Neutron
Source at Oak Ridge. High Energy Physics up 1.7%, and $65M is
requested for the LHC, which remains on an annual appropriation.
Nuclear Physics is up 3.7%; Fusion Energy is down 0.7%.

*NASA continues to do more with less. AXAF is set for launch
this year. A Mars orbiter will launch in December, followed by a
Mars lander a month later. Gravity Probe-B goes up in 2000; the
Space Infrared Telescope Facility in 2003. It was announced that
a Europa orbiter will launch in 2003. The total budget is down
1.3%, but space science is up almost 4%. NASA will continue to
study low-Earth orbit, and re-orbit a septuagenarian in October.

* DOD is focusing on 6.1 (basic) research, which increases 6.6%.

* NIST research is up 6.3% and an increase of 35% is requested
for the Advanced Technology Program that the Republicans hate.

the great women pioneers in what was an almost exclusively male
profession, Trudy Goldhaber discovered at the U. of Illinois in
1942 that neutrons are emitted in spontaneous fission. Because
it was classified, she received little recognition. In 1948, she
and her husband, Maurice Goldhaber, confirmed the identity of
beta rays and atomic electrons. A PhD student of W. Gerlach in
Munich, she felt ostracized after Hitler took over in 1933. She
fled in 1935, and did post-doctoral research with G.P. Thompson
in London. An inspiration to generations of women in physics,
she was only the third female physicist elected to the National
Academy of Sciences. Asked how she succeeded in a male-dominated
field, she once said she married the right man. For more about
her and other women in physics see: www.physics.ucla.edu/~cwp

THE AMERICAN PHYSICAL SOCIETY (Note: Opinions are the author's
and are not necessarily shared by the APS, but they should be.)

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