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Mother Jones (Mary
May 1, 1830 or 1837
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After her four children and her husband died in the yellow fever epidemic,
Mary Harris Jones --previously a dressmaker-- got involved in the American
labor movement during the 1870s. She was labeled "the most dangerous
woman in America" by the politicians of her time. She spoke, wrote
and organized constantly against labor conditions which included having
seven-year-old children working 14-hour days in the factories for just
enough money to feed themselves.
Mary Harris Jones
was a blunt speaker and one of the most effective organizers of her
time. She organized or attended every major U.S. labor strike from the
1870s until 1924. She was once ordered to leave the state of Colorado
for stirring up workers. She died at the age of 100.
of the Illinois Labor History Society
"Pray for the dead, but fight like Hell for the living."
- Mother Jones
magazine is named after Mary Harris Jones
Mother Jones: The Miners' Angel, Dale Fetherling
Ronnie Gilbert on Mother Jones: Face to Face with the Most Dangerous
Woman in America, Ronnie Gilbert
Autobiography of Mother Jones, Mary Harris Jones
Mother Jones Speaks: Collected Speeches and Writings, Mary Harris
The Correspondence of Mother Jones, Mary Harris Jones
Labor's Defiant Lady, Irving Werstein
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